Objective: To evaluate Pip/Tazo usage and HA-CDAD after an implementation of a multifaceted intervention to decrease inappropriate Pip/Tazo utilization.
Methods: Pre-intervention, Pip/Tazo use was unrestricted. At baseline, a random prescription audit of Pip/Tazo orders was performed. Baseline anti-pseudomonal agent usage (daily doses dispensed/1000 pds) was determined for the one year pre-intervention period. A multifaceted intervention was then implemented, which included random weekday Pip/Tazo order review, academic detailing, and implementing an indication and rationale statement for the antibiotic at the time of initial order entry. We compared antibiotic utilization and HA-CDAD rates during the 12 months before and after the intervention.
Results: The pre-intervention prescription reviews of Pip/Tazo determined that a narrower spectrum antibiotic was appropriate in 35% (95 out of 269 cases). Pre-intervention, Pip/Tazo usage was 282 daily doses/1000 pds and cefepime usage was 24 daily doses/1000 pds. Post-intervention Pip/Tazo usage decreased 21% to 224 daily doses/1000 pds, but cefepime utilization increased 75% to 42 daily doses/1000 pds Nevertheless, direct drug cost savings $57,000, and use of other anti-pseudomonal drugs was unchanged. During the intervention year, HA-CDAD rate also decreased by 45% from 1.37 cases/1000 patient days to 0.76.
Conclusions: A relatively low cost set of interventions significantly decreased Pip/Tazo utilization leading to significant pharmacy cost savings and was associated with a substantial decrease in HA-CDAD rates and an unintended significant rise in cefepime utilization.