Objective: In 2009, the newly established the Polish Neonatology Surveillance Network (Polska Siec Neonatologiczna) started to implement its surveillance system in 6 Neonatology Intensive Care Units (NICUs).
Methods: Data collection on infections in newborns with a very low birth weight (VLBW) was made prospectively according to the NeoKISS (the German surveillance system for very-low-birth weight infants). The newborns were monitored from < 1 500 g until discharge >
Birth weight [g] / Infections type
|NICU A||NICU B|
No of infections/ 1000 CVC-pds
No of infections/ 1000 ventilator-pds
|NEC||No of infections/1000 pds|
Conclusions: Our pilot study brought data showing a wide variation in infection indicators between two compared NICUs (A and B). Such situation indicates necessity of making at first careful analysis of epidemiological situations and then introducing effective activities in the field of prevention of hospital acquired infections among patients of NICUs and implementation of preventive strategies to reduce infection rates in these infants should be our priority.