Objective: The study aimed to initially assess the epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial infections on burn patients, the risk factors and the efficacy of the process of implicating the improved measures for infection control such as improving the inpatient environment for burn patients, the bathing techniques and changing dressings, the supply equipments for hand washing and antiseptic liquids and alcoholic hand rubs for health care staff and patient’s family, supervising the hand washing patterns of health care staff and family members, the antibiotic use and the cleaning and sterilizing process for burns equipments.
Methods: Retrospective study
Results: After 8 years of persistent effort of maintaining the infection control program at the burn unit, the nosoomial infection rate in the burn unit has been reduced from 20 cases/1000 inpatient days to 7 cases/ 1000 inpatient days and mortality in burn patients is significantly decreased from 2,3% to 0,4%. The common pathogens for nosocomial infections in the unit, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter have been significantly reduced. There is a reduction on the length of stay and antibiotic use. The average hospital stay was reduced from 16 days to 13 days, the number of expensive antibiotics reduced. As a consequence, there was a significant reduction of health care cost for the patients and the hospital.
Conclusions: The efficacy of the infection control is unarguable. The main question is how to maintain and continuously improve this program for better inpatient quality of care