Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness on hand hygiene compliance by using continuous visual stimulus through computer screensaver messages.
Methods: This study was conducted at a 20 bed ICU of a 1275 bed university hospital in
Results: Compliance rate during the baseline period was 38.3% and during the intervention period 36.4%. It seems that soap and running water hand washing techniques were observed mostly during the survey period (both period 62.9%). The level of care necessity (p<.01) and inpatient bed occupancy rate (p<.01) of the ICU presented significant differences before and after the intervention.
The usage of alcohol-based hand rub and liquid soap for 1000 patient/day throughout the survey dramatically increased from 30000mls prior to the study to 70000mls. Transitioning from baseline period to the intervention period, the full usage amount raised to around 30000mls. Reduction of 3000mls was observed for usage of alcohol-based hand rub, whereas liquid soap usage showed the increase of more than 30000mls.
Conclusions: The results showed that hand hygiene compliance rates had no improvement during the intervention period compared to the baseline period. However, an actual increase of the usage amount of alcohol-based hand rub and liquid soap was already seen during the baseline period compared to before commencing this study. Thus researchers surmise that this increased data shows monitoring effectiveness. For future planning, if a similar intervention takes place, some ingenuity would be required in order to make the images more interesting and effective for healthcare professionals.