Objective: The objectives were to reduce VAP by implementing an oral hygiene product and protocol and to estimate the cost savings of the intervention.
Methods: A retrospective quasi-experimental intervention study was conducted. The pre-intervention period was from 1/04 to 6/05. The post-intervention period was from 7/05 to 9/09. An oral hygiene product and protocol was implemented on every MSICU ventilated patient. The oral hygiene product (Sage Oral Care Kits-Sage® Products INC) was administered every four hours and was documented in the patient's medical record. Chi-square for significant changes in VAP rates was conducted on pre and post-intervention data.
Results: The mean pre-intervention VAP rate was 3.8/1000 ventilator days (1/04 to 6/05) and the mean post-intervention rate was 0.39/1000 ventilator days (07/05 to 09/09), (p<0.001), an 88% reduction in VAP. The last VAP identified in the MSICU was 5/06. Assuming consistent VAP rates over time, MBMC would have expected to identify 42 VAP infections between 7/05 and 9/09. After introducing the oral hygiene product and protocol 5 VAP infections were identified during this time period. The estimated cost of VAP is $40,000.00 per episode. Cost avoided 07/05 to 9/09 totaled $1,480,000.00. The cost of the commercial oral hygiene product in the post-intervention period was $430,000.00. Therefore, after implementation of the oral hygiene product and protocol $1,058,000.00 in healthcare costs were avoided.
Conclusions: The oral hygiene product and protocol was easy to implement and associated with a significant reduction in VAP. The product was cost effective.